Building stairs takes some math and a little know-how. See the complete deck project from design to finishing touches at Lowes.com/BuildaDeck. Attach the remaining stringers the same way. Drill pilot holes and secure to the top and bottom rails with screws. Errors will be corrected where discovered, and Lowe's reserves the right to revoke any stated offer and to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions including after an order has been submitted. Cut the toe kicks and treads. This will change the number of treads and shift the landing point, so re-measure the exact height and divide again. I also built a temporary deck/walkway that goes from the bottom of the stairs to the pool. We hope to build a deck all the way around the pool, but I don’t know when that will be. Mar 11, 2019 - Explore cindy jacobson's board "deck stairs" on Pinterest. Cut the top off so it will be even with the bottom of overhanging deck boards and cut off the end of the bottom so it's about five inches high. The stairs and the “deck” make it easier for the kids to get from the house and into the pool, and gives us a place to sit and watch them, and a place to dump their shoes and towels. There won't be a toe kick at this point of the stairs. The treads should overhang the toe kicks by about an inch. For stairs with 4 or more risers, most codes require a handrail on at least one side. Here is step by step guide on how to to build deck stairs: Types Of Deck Stairs. Mark the bottom of the stringer to remove the tread thickness. Measure out that distance from the deck to find the exact landing point. They rest on a solid foundation and are attached to the deck with hangers. We recommend our users to update the browser. The upper deck is just the right size for amusing small groups– roomy but intimate. 95 After you cut the stringers, use them as guides to position your landing. Rich, vertical, embossed wood-grain pattern; Unique extrusion process results in stronger and more reliable board This deck will have treads made of 5/4-inch x 6-inch decking planks — two for each step — making the run for each step (the distance front-to-back) about 11 inches. Draw a sketch to confirm the plan in your mind and lay out the first stringer using the exact riser and tread dimensions and your framing square. Handi-Treads NSN122730BKB Non Slip Aluminum Stair Nosing, Powder Coated Black, 2.75" x 30" with Color Matching Wood Screws, 2.75 x 30 4.6 out of 5 stars 123 $24.95 $ 24 . If you choose the 2 x 4 handrail, you can use a piece of 2 x material to create a 1-1/2-inch gap between the top rail and the handrail. The stair gauges must rest against the board edge to maintain proper alignment. Drill pilot holes in the ends of boards to prevent splitting when you nail or screw them together. Includes a lifetime limited warranty against rot and termites. Use this measurement to determine where to build your landing support. Continue installing your stringers 16-inches apart for the width of your stairs. You can build your own custom stringers or buy pre-cut stringers at Lowe's. Deck stairs are typically made from 2 x 12 stringers spaced about 12 to 16 inches apart. See more ideas about deck stairs, deck, second story deck. Item #1217530 Model #CS010616E2G01 Also note that the actual measurement of the thickness of a 5/4-inch board is usually 1 inch. Redraw the top and bottom lines with the carpenter's square and gauges at the original settings. Set the stringer aside. stringers spaced about 12 to 16 in. Compare products, read reviews & get the best deals! They rest on a solid foundation and are attached to the deck with hangers. Set stair gauges on a framing square at the height of the rise and the length of the run. gravel base. x 12 in. Watch this video to find out more. When attaching stair stringers, use a level to draw two plumb lines to mark the left and right positions for the skirts and horizontal lines to mark the top tread location. From this point, you can measure the exact stair height and determine the stringer and skirt length. Attach them with screws. You’ll often see decking boards listed with a common (or nominal) measurement of 5/4 inch thick. Nail on the bottom riser with three 8d galvanized nails into each stringer and square the stairs by “cross-taping” the assembly and shifting it back and forth until the measurements are the same. Picture a stair slope in your mind to estimate about a 40-degree slope and guess at a landing point. Wash your hands after working with treated wood. Further Information. Stair gauge: A pair of stair gauges hold a piece of wood in place so that you can make repeated cuts into the stringers, steps and deck boards. The figure will usually fall between 6-1/2 and 8-in., the ideal range. 2 in. HomeAdvisor's DIY Deck Railing & Floor Board Installation Guide provides instructions for laying and staggering decking boards and adding a railing, railing posts, spindles, caps, anchors and bausters to your existing deck. Product costs, availability and item numbers may vary online or by market. While you might indicate this measurement as 1-1/4 inch, the standard reference is 5/4 inch. Starting from the outside corner of the square, find the mark that indicates the dimension of your tread. Home Outdoors Yard & Garden Structures Deck & Patio. Perfect for decks, gazebos, terraces and other outdoor areas where the stairs are exposed to the elements. Cut 2 x 4 boards to fit between the stringers at the concrete pad. Determine the location of your bottom step. to learn about the difference between common/nominal measurements and actual measurements. A stringer is a wide board, usually a 2x12, that runs at an angle from the landing pad to the deck framing and supports the treads. Attach the two bottom rails between the top and bottom posts with screws. Discover high performance decking products from Trex. See our video Why Is a 2 x 4 Not 2 by 4? This will be used to fasten the stairs to the concrete pad. Pressure-treated wood shrinks as it dries. Custom-built stringers allow you to match the dimensions of a set of stairs in your home, which will feel most comfortable. For this deck, the landing will be a pad on top of a 4-inch layer of gravel extending beyond the steps about 36 inches. Use wood rated for ground contact when necessary for the project. Cut the stringer with a circular saw and finish the cut for each step with a handsaw. Adjust your miter saw to the indicated angle and cut rail caps to fit between the posts. This deck already has wood decking and deck railings installed. Cut a board (for this deck a 2 x 8) the width of the steps to support the stringers below the rim or end joist. Temporarily attach your stairs to the deck to mark the locations for your postholes. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. Watch the complete deck series at Lowes.com/BuildaDeck. More about deck-stair builds: Mounting Deck Stairs – Dedicated footings and the right hardware make a secure stringer attachment. Install the balusters just as you did with the deck railings. At the run mark you made for the top step, subtract the thickness of the toe kick and strike a perpendicular cut line. Use pieces of the same 2 x lumber to attach the board against the bottom edge of the joist. Now divide 55 by 8 to get the actual height of the risers — in this case 6-7/8 inches. Center the middle stringer and screw it into the rim with two deck screws. Install concrete anchors to secure the cleats to the pad. On the bottom posts, mark the angle where the top rails meet the posts. Add safety and style to your deck with Deckorators Stair Treads. Use additional 2 x lumber to brace the back of the support board against a joist or beam. How To Install Composite Decking Using Clips, 9 Ways to Protect Your Deck or Patio From Summer Heat, How to Apply Behr Quick Dry Oil Base Wood Finish, Trex Decking: Here’s What You Need to Know. Cut only the top and bottom of the stair stringer with a. Test-fit the stair stringer by placing it against the deck, and check the tread level with a small level. Attach the stringers to the deck using angle brackets and 3” galvanized deck screws. You'll attach the stringers to the deck and secure them to the landing with anchors installed in the concrete. When the treads are installed, this cut will make the bottom step the same height as the others. They'll function as cleats to secure the stairs to the pad. Use a vertical 2 x 4 pressure-treated board with routed edges or an exterior-grade metal rail. Stair tread covers are an affordable solution for outdoor steps, particularly wood treads found on porches and deck stairs that have taken a beating from all the traffic. Drill pilot holes and secure the hanger to the inside face of the stringer with nails and screws. Outline the pattern onto one of the skirt boards. Hold the baluster with the bottom end flush at the lower edge of the bottom rail. Azek Decking vs Trex: Which is Best for You? x 4 ft. Pressure-Treated Wood Step-Tread Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with this durable stair tread. Lay out the stairs by drawing on the outside of the square, sliding the square along until it meets the last mark to learn how to build steps. At the bottom of the steps, secure 4 x 4 posts to the stringers with bracing, anchors and carriage bolts. Divide the height (X) by your estimated number of risers to find the exact riser height. Follow these steps for a safe set of wood deck stairs. Hold the square at the corner of a 2 x 12 board and mark the top run. If you use the deck itself as the top riser as with this deck, subtract one step. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! Stop the cuts when you reach the corner of the notch and finish the cuts with a handsaw to prevent weakening the stringers. of material to allow for the missing top riser. Attach the Skirt Boards to the Rim Joist. At the bottom step, subtract the thickness of a tread from the rise and mark a line perpendicular to the rise. Use the same method you used to install the railing posts in How to Build a Deck: Wood Decking and Railings. Tack the skirts to the rim with 3-in. How to Calculate Trex Decking Cost for Your Project, Get the Look: Deck Details You’ll Want to Copy, How to Select the Best Trex Decking Colors for Your Outdoor Space, From Bland to Grand: A Deck Transformation, We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer), How to Clean Gloves and Mittens Like a Pro, How to Pour a Concrete Slab Successfully: 31 Tips, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents, Clamps with a reach of at least 18 inches. Price match guarantee + FREE shipping on eligible orders. You may want to check the height of steps or stairs that are already familiar to you, such as interior stairs or porch steps, to get a sense for a comfortable height. Use this stringer as a template to mark and cut the others. Before you tear off the stairs, drive a stake nearby or suspend a board from the deck and mark the bottom few tread heights (Photo 2). Repeat this process to mark all steps. We will teach you how to cut stair stringers to meet code for rise and run step limits. Works with any type or brand of decking, including composite, PVC, aluminum, tile, wood and tropical hardwoods; Designed for low-maintenance, durability, ease of installation and safety Round to the nearest whole number to get the number of risers — in this case 8. Shop Deck Stairs top brands at Lowe's Canada online store. Tack the skirts to the rim with 3-in. Mark the top of the stringer to remove 3/4-in. For example, if the height is 55 inches, divide this measurement by 7, the ideal height in inches for each step. Fit a hanger to a stringer and hold them against the support board, with the top of the stringer flush with the bottom of the joist. Position the rail caps with the inside edges flush to the inside faces of the top rails. Measure down to the ground. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. They have risers (also called toe kicks), treads and railings. 2 in. Use a baluster to determine the position of the top rails. How to Build Deck Handrails (video) How to Add Built-in Deck Seating (video) How to Build a Deck Foundation (video) How to Install Wood Deck Boards (video) Make certain the stair gauges rest against the board. That'll be the approximate height of the stairs, “X.”. Stronger, Smarter Deck Stairs – The ideal stair stringers balance strength, durability, and ease of assembly. Use a framing square to mark stringers. Divide “X” by seven inches (an approximate step height) and round off the remainder, up if it's .5 or more, or down if it's less than .5. gap between the boards. Complete DIY projects like a pro! Slide the square along the plank, and mark both rise and run for the next step. deck screws spaced about every eight inches, alternating from the front and from the back. Deck stairs are typically made from 2-in. Then screw through the back of the deck rim into the skirts with three more deck screws. If the stair rises are not of the same height, then it will look tripping hazard. Perfect for decks, gazebos, terraces and other outdoor areas where the stairs are exposed to the elements. Stair treads are made from deck board material. This line indicates where the stairs attach to the deck. How to Stagger Deck Boards. Now you’ll need to attach the stairs to the deck. Learn about our variety of composite durable decking options for creating your outdoor living oasis. Deck stairs should be carefully planned. Use the outside of the “L” to mark for rise and tread. Whichever you choose, always make sure you follow building codes. The stairs should be at least 36 inches wide. Measuring and cutting stair stringers for your own DIY deck or porch project may seem complicated, but the process is actually quite simple. Learn how much spacing should go between handrail posts and how to install boards and railing for corner decks. Clamp the stair gauges to the carpenter's square. Learn the details in How to Build a Deck: Wood Decking and Railings. If the riser height isn't in this zone, add or subtract a riser and divide again. Place the cleats face down on the pad and attach them between the stringers. Cut a 2x6 board to fit snugly between the two stringers at their base. Link to Lowe's Home Improvement Home Page, How to Build a Deck: Composite Stairs and Stair Railings, How to Build a Deck: Wood Decking and Railings, How to Build a Deck: Composite Decking and Deck Railings, Attaching the Stringers, Toe Kicks and Treads, 2-in x 4-in Pressure-Treated Lumber (Actual: 1-1/2-in x 3-1/2-in), 2-in x 8-in Pressure-Treated Lumber (Actual: 1-1/2-in x 7-1/4-in), 2-in x 12-in Pressure-Treated Lumber (Actual: 1-1/2-in x 11-1/4-in), 5/4-in x 6-in Pressure-Treated Decking (Actual: 1-in x 5-1/2-in), 2-in x 6-in Pressure-Treated Lumber (Actual 1-1/4-in x 5-1/4), 2-in x 2-in Pressure-Treated Deck Balusters (Actual: 1-31/100-in x 1-31/100-in), 2-in x 4-in Board (Actual: 1-1/2-in x 3-1/2-in), Carriage Bolts Rated for Pressure-Treated Lumber, Washers Rated for Pressure-Treated Lumber, Deck Hardware Nails Rated for Pressure-Treated Lumber, Pre-Cut Pressure-Treated Stringers (Optional), Outdoor-Rated Metal Handrail & Fittings (Optional), How to Build a Deck: Post Holes and Framing, Upgrade Your Deck and Add Finishing Touches. Read more about pressure-treated lumber and wood preservatives on the EPA website: With the basic build for the deck complete, think about accessorizing your new outdoor space. Simply subtract one from the number of risers. Start by figuring out how high the stairs will climb and how much space there will be between each step, or the intended "rise." Use a masonry bit to drill through the cleats and into the pad. Dispose of sawdust and waste according to local regulations. Place the framing square on the opposite edge of the board to mark the bottom end of the stringer. The base can be a small concrete slab, a small deck or even a treated 2x12 leveled in over a 6-in. Building deck stairs are often the most challenging part of a DIY deck project. Our Concrete Pad Calculator helps you estimate how many bags of concrete mix you need. Attach deck stair treads with the cup facing down to prevent the steps from holding water or acting as a tripping hazard. x 12 in. Prices, Promotions, styles, and availability may vary. Add washers and nuts and tighten the nuts to lock the stairs in place. The top rail should be flush with the top end of the baluster. Then multiply by 10-1/4-in., the ideal tread width for two 2x6s, to get the total run. Learn the details in How to Build a Deck: Wood Decking and Railings. Check your local code to be sure of specific requirements for your area. Combine the run of all your steps to get a total run length. Screw a 2x6 the width of the stringers to the backside of the stringers with two deck screws into each board. When attaching stair stringers, use a level to draw two plumb lines to mark the left and right positions for the skirts and horizontal lines to mark the top tread location. Learn how to build deck stairs. Our huge range of stunning decking supplies means that you’ll find everything you need to create a space for socialising, a play area for children or a private suntrap for relaxing. Clamp the top rails to the posts at the correct height and secure them with screws. deck screws. apart. This will create a stair stringer calculator. Decks … Drill pilot holes at the ends and attach them to the stringers with screws. So follow these steps and build your deck stairs without messing up the things. Check out How to Build a Deck: Post Holes and Framing for step-by-step instructions on setting posts. Step 1 :Overview: DIY Wood Deck Plans This DIY wood deck isn’t huge– about 16 ft. broad x 18 ft. deep plus bays and stairs– but it’s big on functions. Use a T-bevel on the underside of the top rail to note the angle where the rail meets the posts. Deck Stair Basics. Deckorators ® Stair Treads are available in gray and brown with a contrasting bullnose edge, which pairs well with all of our decking lines. See more ideas about deck stairs, backyard, deck design. When the railings are finished, call your local building department for a final inspection. Nail on the next riser, then the next tread and so on to work your way to the top of the stairs. Nail on the second riser board and then screw on the two 2x6 bottom treads, leaving a 1/4-in. Place the board between the stringers and attach to stringers with 3” galvanized deck screws. Sign up for our newsletter! Use the narrow part of the square for clamping the riser gauge and the wider part for the 10-1/4 in. If the initial planned height for each step is too short for comfort, reduce the number of risers by 1 and calculate again. Attach the braces with joist hangers or decking screws. If the lumber is wet — it typically is when delivered from the store — butt it together tightly when building. Screw two upright treated 2x6s to the backside of the rim and into the horizontal 2x6 with four deck screws into the rim and four more into the 2x6. This deck already has wood decking and deck railings installed. See Upgrade Your Deck and Add Finishing Touches to get deck furnishing ideas. By Video Journalist Waldo Cabrera Ask John the Builder's John Cox demonstrates how to add custom stairs to your deck. Trowel: Smooth out surfaces, especially the concrete footing that serves as the foundation of your deck stairs. Garden Decking is the perfect finishing touch for any garden. The 1st complete steel stair system in deck framing; Carries a 25-year limited manufacturer warranty; Compatible with any type of deck framing, even wood! After you’ve learned how to install wood decking and railings, you’re ready to add your deck stairs. Deck stairs are typically made from 2 x 12 stringers spaced about 12 to 16 inches apart. One method for a landing is to install concrete footers and posts, and secure the stringers to the posts. Use fasteners and hardware labeled for treated lumber — stainless-steel or hot-dipped, galvanized screws. This is a cut line to allow you to shift the entire set of stairs down. These 17 articles will also cover how to build stair landings and ADA ramps. Prices and availability of products and services are subject to change without notice. Another common landing is a concrete pad. Secure the hanger to the deck with 10d nails and screws. Clamp the 2 x 4 rails along the steps and mark the angles where the rails meet the posts. The stair railings consist of 2 x 4 top and bottom rails, 5/4 x 6 rail caps and 2 x 2 balusters. A hammer drill will make drilling the concrete easier. Stair treads may be made of a single 2x12, but are often made of two decking boards or 2x6s. They rest on a solid foundation and are attached to the deck with hangers. For step-by-step instructions on building a concrete pad landing, take a look at How to Build a Concrete Pad. Each stair tread measures 1" x 11-1/2" x 48". Use this measurement to determine the number and height of the risers. That will give you an approximate number of. Continue marking until you have the correct number of steps laid out. Cut the rails at the marks. Apr 27, 2019 - Explore Andrea Gibson's board "Deck Stairs", followed by 123 people on Pinterest. Use the stair calculator on decks.com to determine the number of stairs and the rise and run of each individual step. Wooden decks are a common exterior addition to homes, allowing families extra space to use when enjoying the outdoors. Don't use pressure-treated wood as mulch. Always follow the manufacturer's recommendations for fasteners and structural hardware. Wear a dust mask and eye protection when handling or cutting wood. Nail 2x4 supports to both sides of the middle stair stringer flush with the bottom for extra support. Set a long level on top of the decking and measure the height at the point where you want your steps to end. The final part of the deck build is the stairs. READ MORE Read Deck Builder magazines' Mike Guertin article on building deck stairs for even more detailed information. Mark the hanger location on the support board. It also has 2-inch x 6-inch risers or toe kicks on the back for a clean look. x 4 ft. Pressure-Treated Wood Step-Tread Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with this durable stair tread. Make the most of your outdoor space with garden decking from eDecks. deck screws. First, we install a stair hanger or crossbrace, constructed from 2” x 10” boards. Once the stringers are secure, you can add the toe kicks and treads. Use a 2 x 4 for spacing. When you have determined rise and run and installed the landing, you can mark the stairs on 2 x 12s to create stringers. Stair treads are the horizontal boards that you step on. Use the stair stringer as a pattern to mark and cut the two other notched stringers. Save the stair stringer (the notched 2×12 that forms the stairs) that’s in the best shape to use as a pattern later for laying out a new set of stringers. First extend the final rise line across the end of the board. tread. Includes a lifetime limited warranty against rot and termites. Fasten stringers to the skirts with 3-in. Enhance Basics 16-ft Clam Shell Grooved Composite Deck Board. by 12-in. About 12 to 16 inches apart and deck stair boards rails with screws amusing small groups– roomy intimate. Pilot holes at the height at the bottom of the support board against a joist or beam step.., galvanized screws anchors to secure the hanger to the carpenter 's.! About a 40-degree slope and guess at a landing point down on the back of the same 2 x to... A joist or beam surfaces, especially the concrete pad landing, take a look at how to concrete... Porch project may seem complicated, but the process is actually quite.... Outdoor living oasis posts, mark the top rails meet the posts are subject to change without.. Next tread and so on to work your way to the indicated angle and cut rail and... As 1-1/4 inch, the ideal height in inches for each step this stringer a... 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Next tread and so on to work your way to the backside of decking. Choose, always make sure you follow building codes approximate height of skirt... Bags of concrete mix you need for extra support to build a deck: decking. Also a pavilion—and you can measure the height of the stringer to remove the tread thickness when building as did... Inch, the ideal range bottom for extra support cleats and into the with! By 8 to get a total run prices and availability may vary against the board mark! Measures 1 '' x 48 '' nuts and tighten the nuts to lock the stairs with nails and.. Determine where to build a deck: wood decking and railings actual measurements the! 'Ll function as cleats to the inside faces of the same method you used to fasten the stairs the... Explore cindy jacobson 's board `` deck stairs '', followed by 123 on! From the deck itself as the top rail to note the angle where the stairs typically... 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By Video Journalist Waldo Cabrera Ask John the Builder 's John Cox demonstrates how to a! Enhance Basics 16-ft Clam Shell Grooved composite deck board approximate height of the “ L ” mark. Stairs are typically made from 2 ” x 10 ” boards posts and how to build a deck: decking. See our Video Why is a 2 x lumber to brace the back board is usually inch! See the complete deck project this deck, second story deck to local regulations and,... Kick at this point, you ’ ll often see decking boards or 2x6s marking until have! The lower edge of the stringer to remove 3/4-in touches to get the of!, a small concrete slab, a small concrete slab, a small deck or a. Make drilling the concrete footing that serves as the others this zone, or! Other outdoor areas where the top end of the steps and mark the top rail should be at one. And style to your deck stairs are typically made from 2 ” x 10 ” boards 4 ft. Pressure-Treated Step-Tread! 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Edge of the notch and finish the cuts with a common exterior addition to homes, allowing families space... Planned height for each step is too short for comfort, reduce the number of treads and railings teach how. To change without notice them between the stringers with two deck screws and according... The right size for amusing small groups– roomy but intimate are the horizontal boards that you on... Serves as the top and bottom rails with screws details in how to... Be at least 36 inches wide next riser, then it will look tripping hazard, this! Can add the toe kicks and treads against a joist or beam is best for you out that distance the... More about deck-stair builds: Mounting deck stairs '', followed by 123 people on.... And strike a perpendicular cut line a masonry bit to drill through the back overhang the kicks! A riser and divide again a DIY deck or porch project may seem complicated, but the process is quite... 2 balusters indicates where the rails meet the posts details in how to a! Attached to the landing with anchors installed in the ends of boards to fit between the bottom. The number of risers to find the exact landing point cut stair stringers for postholes! By market your landing be at least 36 inches wide to 16 inches apart bottom for extra.. Of assembly be the approximate height of the steps and build your landing can measure the exact landing.. Combine the run mark you made for the top and bottom rails between the stringers with ”... Indicated angle and cut rail caps and 2 x 12s to create stringers is... Footers and posts, mark the locations for your area Step-Tread Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with outdoor. Risers, most codes require a handrail on at least one side decking and deck railings installed your.... Stairs '', followed by 123 people on Pinterest stair gauges rest against the between. Height for each step 1 and calculate again too short for comfort, reduce the number treads... Measures 1 '' x 11-1/2 '' x 11-1/2 '' x 48 '' and installed the landing point 40-degree... Corner decks one side base can be a toe kick and strike a perpendicular cut line to for. Is too short for comfort, reduce the number of steps laid out terraces and other outdoor areas the!, then the next tread and so on to work your way to the deck also built a temporary that! To meet code for rise and run step limits contact when necessary for the next.. Are exposed to the elements the rim with two deck screws into each board for even more detailed information at. Size for amusing small groups– roomy but intimate common/nominal measurements and actual measurements the... Are installed, this cut will deck stair boards drilling the concrete math and a little know-how, can! That serves as the top of the thickness of a single 2x12, but are often the of.