The Plant List includes a further 11 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Syngonium. The Alocasia micholitziana ‘Frydek’ plant, commonly called the Green Velvet Alocasia resembles Alocasia Polly in size and leaf shape/color, but it is a little different and much harder to find for purchase. The most widespread species is S. podophyllum, which ranges from Mexico to Brazil. Anthers are connected with a thick connector, they open by a short gap below the connector. The Plant List includes 66 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Syngonium. Of these 34 are accepted species names. Contact plants from the mucous membranes of the mouth causes them severe irritation, seen as a sharp, searing pain and swelling. It is believed that the Mexican and Costa Rican populations of Syngonium have long been separated, which translates into morphological differences in the representatives of the same species (eg S. podophyllum and S. macrophyllum). Beetles are the primary insects that pollinate the flowers, especially those in the subfamilies Rutelinae and Dynastiniae. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The inside of the vagina is generally white or creamy-white in the upper part, at the chamber level often with a red or violet color. The border between the collenchyma and stem stem is poorly scratched. The typical full grown size of a these indoor plants when kept as a trained vine is around 1.8m/ 6ft in length. Syngonium podophyllum is the most commonly cultivated species, and is often referred to simply as Syngonium. The scientific name of the genus comes from the Greek words σύν ( syn - plus, z) and γονή ( gone - gonada) and refers to the fused ovaries of female flowers. The climbing stalks have elongated internodes and are elastic to some extent, however, after bending the stem's skin often breaks and peels off, turning brown or yellowish. Syngonium species generally inhabit tropical rainforests, subtropical forests, ruderal areas, thickets, urban areas, and wetlands. Chinese evergreen is extremely easy to care, plant can survive in poorly lighted and ventilated areas and does not need feeding frequently. The second place for the diversity of species is Mexico, where 8 species are present. Each female flower consists of two (rarely three) fused carpel. By definition, exotic plants on this list alter native plant communities by displacing native species, changing community structures or ecological functions, or hybrid-izing with natives. Of these 34 are accepted species names. This is a Syngonium unknown species. Invasive species are also troublesome weeds, e.g. Male flowers consist of 4, almost sitting heads of rods, joined to a greater or lesser extent in the synandrium, with a truncated apex and rhomboid, pentagonal or hexagonal edges, rarely serrated. Actually this ones are not nephthytis which is totally a different plant genus that is not related to Syngonium species. Common names include: arrowhead plant, arrowhead vine, arrowhead philodendron, goosefoot, African evergreen, and American evergreen. After fading, the sheath closes and the upper part dries up. Because of the numerous Syngonium cultivars grown in the greenhouse, a small group of plants from each cultivar should be tested for phytotoxicity prior to treating the entire crop. Just below each node there are two types of adventitious roots: a bundle of sticky roots and a single root, whose function is to supply the plant with nutrients. The tails of juvenile leaves are often grooved. 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