A … Minimum tread width 22 IN (56 CM), Minimum Tread Depth 9.5 IN (24 CM), Maximum Riser Height 9.5 IN (24 CM). Vertical clearance above any stair tread to any overhead obstruction is at least 6 feet, 8 inches (203 cm), as measured from the leading edge of the tread. Keep all stairs and walkways clear of debris and potentially slippery substances such as; ice, snow, water, oil, or grease. Useful across all industries, this information will help you determine what is needed to ensure the safety of your employees and the productivity of your facility. Copyright © 2020 ErectaStep. Health and safety stairs regulations has been necessary due to numerous accident that have been recorded on stairways. All ErectaStep stairs comply with OSHA standard 1910.25 which covers all stairways including standard, spiral, ship, and alternating tread-type stairs. Definitions Handrail. Toolbox Talk - Portable Ladders - Types and Working Loads, Toolbox Talk - Portable Ladders - Pre-use Inspections, Toolbox Talk - Portable Step Ladders - Safety DO's and DO NOT's, Toolbox Talk - Portable Extension Ladders - Safety DO's and DO NOT's, Toolbox Talk - Transporting Portable Ladders Safely, Toolbox Talk - Proper Storage of Portable Ladders, Toolbox Talk - Additional Accident Prevention Tips for Portable Step Ladders, Toolbox Talk - Additional Accident Prevention Tips for Portable Extension Ladders, Toolbox Talk - The Potentially Hazardous Effects of Weather on Portable Ladders, Toolbox Talk - Seven Things You Should NEVER Do With a Portable Ladder, Toolbox Talk - Avoiding Electrocution When Using Portable Ladders, Toolbox Talk - Prevent Nagging Injuries When Handling Portable Ladders. 1910.25(b)(5)(ii) Less than 22 inches (56 cm) for platforms installed on or after January 17, 2017 (see Figure D-7 of this section); 1910.25(b)(6) Each stair can support at least five times the normal anticipated live load, but never less than a concentrated load of 1,000 pounds (454 kg) applied at any point; 1910.25(b)(7) Standard stairs are used to provide access from one walking-working surface to another when operations necessitate regular and routine travel between levels, including access to operating platforms for equipment. This article describes the code standards for Designing Stair and Railing to be complaint with OSHA and ADA requirements. Rungs, cleats, and steps of portable ladders and fixed ladders should be a minimum of 10 inches (25 cm) apart and no larger than 14 inches (36 cm) apart, as measured between center lines of the rungs, cleats, and steps. Warning: Given this load requirement, it is highly unlikely that you can achieve a 6 foot span for a wood railing or an 8 foot span on steel or pipe railings. 5 Modular Components, Unlimited Configurations. 1917.120 (b) (3) Vertical clearance above any stair tread to any overhead obstruction is at least 6 feet, 8 inches (203 cm), as measured from the leading edge of the tread. Risers for OSHA stairs are allowed to be open. Stairway platforms shall be no less than the width of a stairway and a minimum of 30 inches in length measured in the direction of travel. One stair rail system with handrail on open side. STAIRS – OSHA Requirements Standard stair means a fixed or permanently installed stairway. OSHA regulations and interpretations describing these requirements are found in several different sections. var expert_count = Math.floor(Math.random() * 8) + 1; (1910.25 (b) (3)) The minimum tread depth is 9.5 inches. (v) - The standards contained in this subpart. Why is there so much emphasis on riser and tread design? Stairs are such a familiar part of buildings that the dangers associated with them are often overlooked. ALUMINUM ACCESS PRODUCTS. 1910.36 - Design and construction requirements for exit routes. 1910.29(f) Handrails and stair rail systems. Have open risers if the tread depth is less than 9.5 inches (24 cm); Have a minimum tread width of 7 inches (18 cm), measured at the leading edge of the tread (i.e., nosing). ■Bottoms of wells above the point of access to the bottom of the ladder must be between 7 feet (2.1 m) and 8 feet (2.4 m). The ErectaStep system was exactly as our salesman stated… OSHA approved, high quality aluminum and really fit the needs of what we were looking for… and it arrived exactly when Chris Hite said it would. English 03/06/2020. The program shall enable each employee to recognize hazards related to ladders and stairways, and shall train each employee in the procedures to be followed to minimize these hazards. 1910.25(b) General requirements. Winding stairways may be used on tanks and similar round structures when the diameter of the tank or structure is at least 5 feet (1.5 m). Specifically, the following sections are the most relevant to railing and guardrail for fall protection. He was great! OSHA Stair Requirements. Rise and tread measurements are dictated by the angle of the stairway rise. (b)(15) - Ladders shall be inspected by a competent person for visible defects on a periodic basis and after any occurrence that could affect their safe use. While the information contained in each toolbox talk is believed to be accurate, these toolbox talks are not intended to take the place of formal OSHA training; they are only intended to supplement mandatory training, and help maintain awareness. (1) - The employer shall ensure that each employee has been trained by a competent person in the following areas, as applicable: (i) - The nature of fall hazards in the work area; (ii) - The correct procedures for erecting, maintaining, and disassembling the fall protection systems to be used; (iii) - The proper construction, use, placement, and care in handling of all stairways and ladders; (iv) - The maximum intended load-carrying capacities of ladders and. 1910.25(e)(4) – Have a minimum tread width of 18 inches (46 cm). 1910.24 (h) (a) - The employer shall provide a training program for each employee using ladders and stairways, as necessary. Many construction employees work at six feet or more above ground and need to be protected from slip-and-fall hazards. OSHA stair requirements are in place to help you recognize and minimize the hazards. (1910.25 (c) (3)) Ladder rungs, steps, and cleats are spaced not less than, (25 cm) and not more than 14 inches (36 cm) apart, as measured between the centerlines of the rungs, cleats, and steps, Have a minimum width of 22 inches (56 cm) between vertical barriers. Keep passageways free of tools, equipment and other materials. Oregon OSHA defines a stairway as a series of steps and landings having three or more risers. Stair rail or stair rail system means a barrier erected along the exposed or open side of stairways to prevent employees from falling to a lower level. Tread depths must be the same between each landing platform. Learn the Differences Between IBC and OSHA Stairs? OSHA 2 Story 2-story stair system. OSHA Guardrail Code & Requirements The section of the OSHA code that specifies most of the primary guardrail requirements and directly relates to safety railing is 1910.29. OSHA 1926.502 Guardrail /Safety Railing Requirements for Construction 1926.502(b) – “Guardrail systems.” Guardrail systems and their use shall comply with the following provisions: This article will cover Health and safety stairs regulations by OSHA which gives standard requirement for a safe stairway ans basic stairs safety tips. It can be made from a multitude of decking materials that offer various degrees of traction. GENERAL new or replacement ladders ≥ 24’ H require PFAS or LSS, RUNGS must be uniform and between 10” – 14” apart; ≥ 16” wide, CLEARANCES ≥ 30” on climbing side or 24” w/ deflector plate, ≥ 7” on back side, 15” from centerline, SAFETY GATE must have a self-closing gate that swings away from ladder, w/top rail and midrail. Chat live with a knowledgeable and friendly stair expert now. 1910.25 (b) (3) Stairs have uniform riser heights and tread depths between landings; For example, stairs manufactured with a 45-degree stairway rise must have a minimum rise and tread of 8.75 inches each. Following is a summary of the OSHA stairway guidelines for industrial settings. Add a resting platform and/or a 90 degree turn. The employer is responsible for employee safety on fixed stairways such as roof access stairs, crossover stairs, loading dock stairs, in-plant office stairs are all common workplace stairs. Note:  Do you appreciate these free toolbox talks? ■Inside widths of wells must be at least 30 inch- es (76 cm). OSHA 1910.29(b) contains system requirements that employers must follow to ensure guardrail systems will protect workers from falling to lower levels: 1910.29(b)(1) The top edge height of top rails, or equivalent guardrail system members, are 42 inches (107 cm), plus or minus 3 inches (8 cm), above the walking working surface. With this modular product we are able to use our qualified in-house engineers and get this […]. Get a quote, configure a custom stair or ask a question. var source = 'https://www.erectastep.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/expert-horizontal-no-ipad-' + expert_count + '.png'; One stair rail system with handrail on open side, one handrail on enclosed side, and one intermediate handrail located in the middle of the stair. That’s why we’ve compiled this guide to OSHA stair requirements. 1926.1050 – 1926.1060 – Ladders (and Stairways). Fixed Industrial Stairs: OSHA Standard 1910.24 2 This document is not intended to be totally inclusive but rather to highlight the information and requirements in the complete OSHA standard that owners and managers of agricultural businesses should understand. means a device with rungs, steps, or cleats used to gain access to a different elevation. OSHA Semi Trailer Decking OSHA Semi Trailer Riser Combo. ErectaStep's Full Line of Prefabricated Metal Stairs. General stair requirements §1910.25(b) Compliant fall protection Uniform riser heights and tread depths Alternating tread stair requirements §1910.25(c) Slope between 50° and 70° from the horizontal Minimum tread depth of 8.5” Open risers if tread depth is less than 9.5” Minimum tread width of 7” Distance between handrails of 17” to 24” The only way to be sure stairs you build are compliant is to follow the specific requirements in your city's building codes.The Occupational Safety and Health Administration is the federal agency that oversees the various health and safety requirements embodied in the Occupational Safety and Health Act. osha-stair-requirements. Spiral stairs. Specific OSHA stair requirements including riser height, tread depth, tread nosing, and stair landings are available in this post: OSHA Compliant Stairs: ErectaStep’s Industrial and Commercial Stairs. 1910.25(f) Alternating tread-type stairs. (c) Stair rails and handrails. In addition to paragraph (b) of this section, the employer must ensure spiral stairs: Have a minimum clear width of 26 inches (66 cm); Have a minimum headroom above spiral stair treads of at least 6 feet, 6 inches (2 m), measured from the leading edge of the tread; Have a minimum tread depth of 7.5 inches (19 cm), measured at a point 12 inches (30 cm) from the narrower edge; Ship stairs. OSHA Training Services Inc. cannot be held liable for the content in, or misuse of, these generic toolbox talks. Here’s a checklist of what to look for in moveable safety steps: 1. Comes with Leader's Guide for in-house employee training classes, Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced Courses. Here are ten safety tips to help eliminate exposures at your company. (b) - Retraining shall be provided for each employee as necessary so that the employee maintains the understanding and knowledge acquired through compliance with this section. One stair rail system with handrail on each open side. All Rights Reserved. Door swing shall not reduce effective standing area on the landing to less than 18 inches (45.72 cm) in depth. Always keep one hand free to use the handrails, both up and down the stairways. The requirements of paragraphs (c)(2) and (3) do not apply to standard stairs installed prior to January 17, 2017. osha-stair-requirements. OSHA Clip-On Canopy Clips to your building for easier installation. They are not to be used for commercial gain, nor can they be republished on any other website or in any document without our explicit permission. Each time I contacted my salesman, he jumped right on it. One Stair rail system with handrail on open side and one handrail on enclosed side. For additional information about OSHA compliance for stairways and walking-working surfaces, please refer to the OSHA website. Where doors or gates open on a stairway, a landing platform shall be provided. What the National Building Regulations say about Stairs and Stairways 1910.24 - Fixed industrial stairs. The employer must ensure: 1910.25(b)(1) Handrails, stair rail systems, and guardrail systems are provided in accordance with § 1910.28; 1910.25(b)(2) Vertical clearance above any stair tread to any overhead obstruction is at least 6 feet, 8 inches (203 cm), as measured from the leading edge of the tread. The minimum acceptable width of a hallway, passageway, stairway, or exit is often a point of contentions during safety inspections. Safety is Paramount when it comes to Stairways-Part M. It stands to reason that stairways must be safe. Exception to paragraphs (c)(2) and (3) of this section. Does the tread rise meet OSHA … We're committed to providing you with the best customer service in the industry. If so, please help increase the visibility of this resource on the internet by clicking the Facebook "LIKE" button located at the bottom of this page. Rise must be a minimum of 6 ½ inches and a maximum of 9 ½ inches, but is tied to the angle of the stairs. Users are responsible for checking the OSHA training requirements to determine the actual training that must be provided to your employees. 1910.29(1)(i) Handrails are not less than 30 inches (76 cm) and not more than 38 inches (97 cm), as measured from the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface of the handrail (see Figure D-12 of this section). OSHA Guidelines for Fixed Stairways in Industrial Settings . Specific OSHA stair requirements including riser height, tread depth, tread nosing, and stair landings are available in this post: means a fixed or permanently installed stairway. According to OSHA requirements for stairs, employers must install stair rails on stairs with four or more risers or a height higher than 30 inches, whichever is less. The following requirements apply to all stairways used during construction: Stairways that will not be a permanent part of the building under construction must have landings at least 30 inches deep and 22 inches wide (76 x 56 cm) at every 12 feet (3.7 m) or less of vertical rise. 1926.1050 – 1926.1060 – Ladders (and Stairways) 1926.1053 – General requirements (b)(15) - Ladders shall be inspected by a competent person for visible defects on a periodic basis and after any occurrence that could affect their safe use. The employer must ensure: 1910.29(f)(1) Height criteria. So no matter what you need — from help with OSHA compliance to learning how our 3D configurator can give you instant (and accurate) drawings and quotes — our experienced team will make sure you get it. Osha Regulations Stairs for Stair and Railing Design - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. If stairs are too steep, and they don’t have railings, or if screens and balustrades are not strong and secure, people may fall with disastrous consequences. When it comes to keeping your workplace productive there’s nothing more important than safety. Ship, spiral, and alternating tread-type stairs are not considered standard stairs. Stair landings shall be at least 20 inches (50.8 cm) in depth. Standard stair means a fixed or permanently installed stairway. This website is not the official or final authority to determine OSHA compliance responsibilities, which are set forth in OSHA standards themselves, and the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. ... Summarizes the fall protection requirements for guardrails, stair rails and handrails in general industry workplaces. Stair rails must be between 36 and 37 inches above the surface of the steps for stairs built after 1991 (stairs built before 1991 must be … width): Each flight of stairs having at least 3 treads and at least 4 risers are equipped with stair rail systems and handrails. Exceptions are for stairs serving floating roof tanks, stairs on scaffolds, stairs designed into machines or equipment, and stairs on self-propelled motorized equipment. OSHA Industry Guidelines on Spiral Staircases. Ship, spiral, and alternating tread-type stairs are not considered standard stairs. 1910.25 (b) (3) Stairs have uniform riser heights and tread depths between landings; ErectaStep also has a line of commercial stairs with OSHA or IBC compliance options. We're here to help! Being located in New York City, like other large cities, the cost of installation can be very expensive. (Refer to the complete OSHA standards for important details.) OSHA Training Services Inc. All Rights Reserved. The height of stair rail systems meets the following: (76 cm) from the leading edge of the stair tread to the top surface of the top rail; and, SafeRack / ErectaStep / PerfectaStep / RollaStep, ErectaStep also has a line of commercial stairs. Riser height – 6 to 7.5 inches (15.24 to 19.05 cm) Stair width a minimum of 22 inches (55.88 cm) Tread depth of a minimum of 12±2 inches (30.48±5.08 cm) Tread nosing – straight leading edges. document.getElementById('expert-horizontal-no-ipad').src = source; Prefabricated Metal Stairs, Easy to Assemble and Ready to Ship. Our photo (above) illustrates very challenging stairs with a high rise, climbing to over 230 feet at the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacán outside of Mexico City. Spiral stairs must meet the vertical clearance requirements in paragraph (d) (3) of this section. 1910.25(b)(3) Stairs have uniform riser heights and tread depths between landings; 1910.25(b)(4) Stairway landings and platforms are at least the width of the stair and at least 30 inches (76 cm) in depth, as measured in the direction of travel; 1910.25(b)(5) When a door or a gate opens directly on a stairway, a platform is provided, and the swing of the door or gate does not reduce the platform’s effective usable depth to: 1910.25(b)(5)(i) Less than 20 inches (51 cm) for platforms installed before January 17, 2017; and. Each talk provided is generic enough to be applied to many different work environments (construction or general industry). The following requirements apply to all stairways as indicated: (1) Stairways having four or more risers or rising more than 30 inches (76 cm), whichever is less, shall be equipped with: (A) At least one handrail; and (B) A stair rail consisting of a top rail and mid-rail along each unprotected side or edge. One stair rail system with handrail on each open side and one intermediate handrail located in the middle of the stair. © 2011. Stair landings at least 20 inches (50.8 cm) in depth. Spiral stairs must meet the vertical clearance requirements in paragraph (d) (3) of this section. You can also learn more about the difference between IBC and OSHA safety codes here. In addition to paragraph (b) of this section, the employer must ensure ship stairs (see Figure D-9 of this section): Are installed at a slope of 50 to 70 degrees from the horizontal; Have open risers with a vertical rise between tread surfaces of 6.5 to 12 inches (17 to 30 cm); 1910.25(e)(3) – Have minimum tread depth of 4 inches (10 cm); and. OSHA Stair rail requirements - stair railings may serve as handrails, and vice-versa. The lack of a uniform depth for the spiral stairs presents a hazard for employees going up or down the stairs, particularly while carrying bulky items. 1011 ■Stairways must be installed at least 30 degrees —and no more than 50 degrees—from the horizontal. Spiral staircases provide a unique look for a living space, but are generally not suitable for the workplace. OSHA345R7 OSHA Stairs with picket rails and 7" risers. Selecting the right safety equipment means considering all aspects of the product. GENERAL stairs ≥ 4’ H or w/3 treads and 4 risers require a stair rail/stair rail system Ladder means a device with rungs, steps, or cleats used to gain access to a different elevation. Standard stairs. These free OSHA training toolbox talks about ladder safety are available for you to download and print (PDF files) at no cost to use within your company or organization. training program for each employee using ladders and stairways, Confined Space Entry Training - Construction, Confined space entry training - General Industry, Competent Person Training - Trenching and Excavations, Online OSHA 10 Hour Training - Construction, Online OSHA 30 Hour Training - Construction, Online OSHA 10 Hour Training - General Industry, Online OSHA 30 Hour Training - General Industry, Online Confined Space Training Course - Construction, Online Confined Space Training Course - General Industry, Online Intro to OSHA Courses (3 levels of training), Online EM 385-1-1 USACE 40-hour Training Course, Online 8 Hour HAZWOPER Annual Refresher Course, Online Fall Protection Course - 24 Hour Advanced, Online Electrical Safety Course - 24 Hour Advanced, Online Certified Environmental Specialist Course - 24 Hour, Online Mold Inspector Certification Course - 6 Hour, Online Portable Fire Extinguisher Training Courses, Online Course - Appendix D for Dust Mask Users, OSHA Training Courses en Espanol (Spanish), Administrative Training / Information Requirements. Spiral, ship, or alternating tread-type stairs are used only when the employer can demonstrate that it is not feasible to provide standard stairs. Table D-1 — Stairway Rise and Tread Dimensions. SafeRack will always be my first stop when I […], My experience was completely positive from the very quick call back after an internet inquiry to getting the right product ordered. Most people take stairways (and stairs) for granted until they fall while they are using them. Spiral stairs must meet the vertical clearance requirements in paragraph (d)(3) of this section. For instance, investing in portable steps to prevent slips, trips, and falls will require a review of the equipment as a unit. -  See disclaimers. It was a very professional experience. Because OSHA regulations are constantly being added, deleted, and/or revised, you must not rely on this website as the official or final authority of OSHA training requirements; refer to the official OSHA regulations available on OSHA’s website (osha.gov). Current ErectaStep tread depth (i.e. Have a minimum width of 22 inches (56 cm) between vertical barriers (see Figure D-8 of this section). OSHA will deem those stairs in compliance if they meet the dimension requirements specified in Table D-1 of this section or they use a combination that achieves the angle requirements of … ErectaStep’s line of industrial modular metal stairs and industrial maintenance access platforms feature modular, lightweight metal stair components that are as easy to reconfigure as they are to assemble. Sections are the most relevant to Railing and guardrail for fall protection requirements exit... 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Safety steps: 1 for exit routes and vice-versa … ] step tread is the part of that! Your workplace osha stair requirements there ’ s components is bolt on aluminum ladders Clips to Building... Access to a different elevation I contacted my salesman, he jumped right on it required to be minimum! On it barriers ( see figure D-8 of this section ) to the OSHA stairway guidelines for industrial.... Means a device with rungs, steps, or misuse of, these toolbox! Are the most relevant to Railing and guardrail for fall protection requirements for,! Industry ) measurements are dictated by the angle osha stair requirements the product training Inc.... ) handrails and stair rail system with handrail on each open side more about the difference between and! So much emphasis on Riser and tread measurements are dictated by the of... —And no more than 50 degrees—from the horizontal other large cities, the cost of installation can be expensive! Be at least 30 inch- es ( 76 cm ) ) for granted until they fall while are. ( 1910.25 ( b ) ( 3 ) of this section live with a knowledgeable friendly... And other materials may serve as handrails, and alternating tread-type stairs it comes to your. Landings shall be provided to your employees requirements in paragraph ( d ) ( 4 ) – have minimum! Summarizes the fall protection requirements for Load: Railings must meet the vertical clearance requirements in paragraph ( )! Knowledgeable and friendly stair experts, Shep Davis Account ManagerSouth East Region rail requirements - stair Railings may as! Are in place to help eliminate exposures at your company Leader 's for... 46 cm ) in depth the middle of the stair right safety equipment means considering all of. And stair rail system with handrail on each open side and one handrail on open side one. 1910.25 ( b ) ( 3 ) of this section held liable for the workplace OSHA regulations interpretations!