I have included the code that addresses this. Watch remodeler Josh Oduin demonstrate how to embed premade corners and banding in thinset to waterproof a new shower before tiling. step down on the interior, and up to two steps down to the landing on the exterior (regardless of which way the door swings, it can only swing over one step). If you prefer to keep potted plants or a patio table right outside the entrance, an inswing dooraccommodates t… So outswing exterior doors have become more acceptable. Landings or finished floors at the required egress door shall be not more than 11/2 inches (38 mm) lower than the top of the threshold. all cases, however, a storm or screen door can swing over the exterior steps and landing. R311.3 and R311.4 apply, but nothing prohibits a outswinging door except that it cannot outswing over a staircase, there must first be a 36" landing before any stairs. Code calculators automatically generate a detailed list of requirements. The general requirement for the specified egress door is a maximum 11/2-in. Direction of door Swing (1) Except as permitted by Sentence (2) and except for doors serving a single dwelling unit, exit doors that are required to swing shall swing in the direction of exit travel. The Ontario Building Code | Direction of Door Swing 9.9.6.5. Sign up for eletters today and get the latest how-to from Fine Homebuilding, plus special offers. When purchasing an exterior door, first determine which type of door you need for a particular installation, whether it's inward or outward swing. That sounds strange. door. If you push the door to enter, it is an inswing door. Exception: A top landing is not required where a stairway of not more than two risers is located on the exterior side of the door, provided that the door does not swing over the stairway. After all these wise choices are made, double check them against the minimum code requirements. The slope at exterior landings shall not exceed 1 /4 unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2 percent). in height. Exception: Where the door opens into the stairway of a smokeproof enclosure, the landing need not have a length of 5 feet. California Residential Code. While the egress door still has to follow the strict requirement of having no more than a one-step height difference (73/4 in. However, recognizing the weather-related benefit of space between the door and the exterior landing, an exception allows up to a 73/4-in. Landings or finished floors at the required egress door shall be not more than 1 1 / 2 inches (38 mm) lower than the top of the threshold.. Your landing size sounds more than adequate. Code reference: Sections R311.3, R311.3.1. Code is discussed in this the link I posted below, and as juice stated 36" deep is the minimum depth, but the minimum width required is equal to the door width. In The final choice you must make is which direction your new doors will swing: inward or outward. Though homeowners may not know which exterior door is their egress door, they have one, and it must meet some criteria. - M.K. There shall be a floor or landing on each side of each exterior door. Whether it’s for yourself or a client, consider the location of each door and the assumed purpose and estimated frequency of use. R311.3 Floors and landings at exterior doors.There shall be a landing or floor on each side of : each exterior door. © 2020 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. I have included the code that addresses this. I can confidently say that I expect to be a life-long subscriber." Projects provide a dedicated space to collaborate on code research. The existing steps are rotting out and need to be replaced. Landing Size 36" x 36" Min. Every landing shall have a dimension of not less than 36 inches (914 mm) measured in the direction of travel. step from the threshold down to the landing on both sides of the door. Where exterior landings or floors serving the required egress door are not at grade, they shall be provided with access to grade by means of a ramp in accordance with Section R311.8 or a stairway in accordance with Section R311.7. A well-designed space should have adequate windows (with screens) for good cross-ventilation. For the exterior of your home, you will have the ability to choose between wood, fiberglass, aluminum clad and composite doors. "I have learned so much thanks to the searchable articles on the FHB website. As others have noted, a landing (no step down), is code. Instead, the door is simply installed one step up in the wall, above the beam. There are those who recommend that an outswing door is more secure from breakins and is safer during hurricane season. Storm and screen doors shall be permitted to swing over exterior. A door is meant for ingress and egress and a second door makes it far more inconvenient for those purposes. It is also code that these doors swing outward. Get everyone on the same page and streamline code research. It must be side-hinged and offer a clear passage of at least 32 in. The slope at exterior landings shall not exceed 1/4 unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2 percent). I'm in a 150 MPH zone & all doors & windows are impact rated as well as wind rated but you can still have an inswing door. 1020.2.1 Detailed Requirements Exterior exit doors shall comply with the applicable requirements of Section 1008.1 . The landing on an outswing door can be no greater than 1.5 inches below the threshold. The width of each landing shall be not less than the door served. Inswing doors are amenable to the addition of a screen door; out-swing doors not really so. Synopsis: Code expert Glenn Mathewson runs through the landing requirements for exterior doors, including the threshold dimensions, the number of allowable steps from the threshold down to the landing, and the additional code allowances for exterior non-egress doors. An outswing dooris beneficial in this situation. in width and 78 in. Inswing doors are amenable to the addition of a screen door; out-swing doors not really so. These egress door and landing requirements have been around since before the 1971 One and Two Family Dwelling Code, the first edition of the predecessor to today’s IRC, and remained essentially unaltered for years. Another type of security pin is only removable when then door is open. Exception: The landing or floor on the exterior side shall be not more than 73/4 inches (196 mm) below the top of the threshold provided the door does not swing over the landing or floor. Exception: The landing or floor on the exterior side shall be not more than 7-3/4 inches (196 mm) below the top of the threshold provided the door does not swing over the landing or floor. The CMU walls offer great shear walls and most have #5 rebar in a poured cell every 4 feet. In older homes it is not uncommon to have doors that open over the stairs to the basement. max) between exterior landing and threshold, an exception was added for all other exterior doors, which are now allowed up to two steps between the landing and the threshold. There is no requirement for which direction an exterior door on a house must swing, but the direction will affect the allowable landing heights. When a deck and door is eventually added, the beam would have been quite a tragic discovery if not for the step allowance. There shall be a landing or floor on each side of each exterior door. (4) A landing may be omitted at the bottom of an exterior stair or ramp provided there is no obstruction, such as a gate or door… As I understand from code, there must be a landing on both sides of an exterior door (this one is an inswing, with an outswing screen door, height about 42 inches above grade).So, if I'm going to be doing replacement work, I'm going to do it right. I am looking for advice/options on a building/supporting a new exterior landing. On the other hand, perhaps space constraints exist on the exterior. There shall be a floor or landing on each side of each exterior door. The floor or landing at the exterior door shall not be more than 1.5 inches (38 mm) lower than the top of the threshold. - - Exceptions: - - - 1. A well-designed space should have adequate windows (with screens) for good cross-ventilation. For Interior Doors. The penetration of the cantilevered deck joists through the exterior wall is a difficult and critical flashing juncture—raising the door a step up the wall allows for a well-flashed and drained sill below, along with some much needed detailing space between the door and the deck. Here is a link that might be useful: Exterior Door Landing I’ve also seen multiple situations in which a house is designed with a taller beam in the rim-joist area of a floor, underneath an exterior wall. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3303(i)(1) and (i)(2).) This allowance provides some design flexibility. Quite a design restriction with a powder room so close to the front door. Unpack the code through illustrations and descriptions. You must open the door and unscrew one side of each hinge to remove the door. It will open onto a 4 ft deep x 7 ft wide landing at the top of two steps and be sheltered by a porch roof. For example, by allowing two steps up to a total of 15 1/2 in., an exterior door can access a grade-level landing with just a single stair tread in between. Don't miss relevant code. For all non-egress exterior doors, the 2003 code update allows a 7 3/4-in. The probable hazard is assumed less than the front entry door, which is typically the required egress door. deep “in the direction of travel” (with an exception for Juliet balconies accessed only by door), and the landing can be sloped for drainage or construction tolerance up to 1/4 in. Quickly locate sections across your jurisdiction. Start your subscription today and save up to 52%. The existing steps are rotting out and need to be replaced. If you’re dealing with an exterior door, make sure you’re standing outside of the building facing the door as if you’re about to walk inside. California Residential Code. Buildings or structures used for human occupancy shall have at least one exterior door that meets the requirements of Section 1008.1.1. The width of each landing shall be not less than the door served. (Storm and Screen doors … Rapidly and efficiently calculate project parameters. There shall be a floor or landing on each side of each exterior door. Most prehung entry door manufacturers now install special security hinges on their outswing doors that have non-removable pins. In older homes it is not uncommon to have doors that open over the stairs to the basement. Generate a code sheet that integrates with your drawing set. Where a door opens over a landing, the landing shall be at least as wide as the door, and at least 5 feet long. If you pull the door to enter, it is an outswing door. It is also code that these doors swing outward. Doors other than the required egress door shall be provided with landings or floors not more than 73/4 inches (196 mm) below the top of the threshold. Interior doors do not require landings at both sides of the door like exterior doors do. This landing must be at least the width of the door and 36 in. The safest door is still a door with no steps, but only if the weather-resistive integrity from the exterior can be maintained. This handout is intended to provide only general information, contact the Building and Safety Division for any questions or additional information. Every landing shall have a dimension of not less than 36 inches (914 mm) measured in the direction of travel. The garage door are well reinforced. For Exterior Doors. Balcony decks with cantilevered floor joists would place the threshold at the level of the exposed exterior decking if a step were not permitted. Every home must have one egress door, and it must be a specific size, with a specifically dimensioned landing on both the interior and exterior side of the threshold. This handout is intended to provide only general information, contact the Building and Safety Division for any questions or additional information. The floor or landing at the exterior door shall not be more than 1.5 inches (38 mm) lower than the top of the threshold. The change in the code provides some much-appreciated design flexibility for non-egress exterior doors. I always try to steer clients away from screen doors. But in the 2003 IRC, a change was made. To get a good seal you’ll need friction between the sweep and the threshold — friction means the door will be harder to open.The door bottom on a… This rule also provides the ability to drop the height of a deck ledger for increased weather resistance and ease of fastening to the house, all without requiring the space needed to build a full raised landing. Code Calculators automatically generates a detailed list of requirements. Friction takes its toll on door sweeps and it isn’t long before they wear. Install an outswing door if you want, but keep in mind, they're more vulnerable to weather penetration around the jamb and weather seals, so if this is on the exposed-to-the-weather side of the house, it will serve you best if protected by a porch or some kind of overhang. For instance, perhaps your patio door leads outside from the kitchen and you have a table positioned directly in front of it. There are more specifics outlined in the code, including from where to take these measurements; generally, the dimensions equate to a standard 3-ft. by 6-ft.-8-in. Residential Code 361' x 36" Min. Exception: Exterior balconies less than 60 square feet (5.6 m2) and only accessible from a door are permitted to have a landing less than 36 inches (914 mm) measured in the direction of travel. There shall be a landing or floor on each side of each exterior door. I am looking for advice/options on a building/supporting a new exterior landing. I always try to steer clients away from screen doors. Code requirements for exterior doors are covered in Chapter 10 of the IBC. Landing requirements for all other exterior doors. - - Exceptions: - - - 1. Depending on the layout of your entryway or back patio, it may be obvious whether to install an inswing or outswing door just by evaluating the space you have available. per ft. As I understand from code, there must be a landing on both sides of an exterior door (this one is an inswing, with an outswing screen door, height about 42 inches above grade).So, if I'm going to be doing replacement work, I'm going to do it right. There are no codes that say you can't have an outswinging exterior door. Leverage the full code compliance platform. For all non-egress exterior doors, the 2003 code update allows a 7 3/4-in. With all that said, remember this: The code does not guide you to maximum safety; it simply ensures minimum safety. 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